"The groundwork of all happiness is health." - Leigh Hunt

Complications of diabetes are decreasing while the variety of cases is repeatedly increasing.

Two reports released this week make clear the present state of type 2 diabetes on this country, and their findings are each promising and sobering. First, the excellent news: an article in New England Journal of Medicine shows that rates of diabetes-related complications resembling heart attacks, strokes, and lower limb amputations have decreased by greater than 50 percent up to now 20 years.

Now the bad news: According to a report, the variety of diabetes patients has increased in the course of the same period. History of Internal Medicine. In the early Nineteen Nineties, 5.5% of adults had diabetes. By 2010, that number had nearly doubled to 9.3 percent. That translates to just about 21 million American adults living with diabetes.

About 70 percent of Americans are obese or obese. And unless something is finished to reverse the trend, tens of millions more could possibly be on the verge of diabetes.

The obesity-diabetes relationship

To explain how extra weight contributes to type 2 diabetes, Dr. Hamdi uses an automotive analogy. “You have more tissue in your body, so you would like more glucose. [sugar]. Just like if you've got an enormous automobile, you would like more gas,” he says. Insulin—the hormone that moves glucose from the blood into the tissues to be used and storage—the automobile is sort of a key.

The more sugar that enters the bloodstream, the more insulin is required to move it to its desired destination. The pancreas can pump out extra insulin to fulfill the necessity, but over time, the body becomes increasingly less sensitive to it and the pancreas eventually reaches its insulin production limit. “Then you're diagnosed with type 2 diabetes,” says Dr. Hamdi.

The upside is that the method will be reversed. When you reduce weight, you've got less tissue, which suggests you would like less sugar and subsequently less insulin. “You become more efficient like a hybrid car,” says Dr. Hamdi.

In his research, he's found that losing just 7 percent of your body weight can improve insulin sensitivity by about 57 percent of what diabetes drugs can often do. “What we've seen is that once people start losing weight in the early stages of diabetes, they can actually reverse the entire course of the disease,” says Dr. Hamdi.

Small changes, big results

The ability to reverse diabetes could appear dramatic, but the approach to life changes required to attain it are usually not. The basics of diabetes prevention—food regimen and exercise—can easily be incorporated into even the busiest of schedules.

Take exercise for instance. “Most people don't realize that short bursts of exercise are more effective than long bursts of exercise,” says Dr. Hamdi. People who can't find time to go to the gym can see great results by adding just three 10-minute exercise sessions to their day by day routine.

Here is a sample schedule:

  • Stretch for 10 minutes within the morning once you get up.
  • After lunch, take a brisk 10-minute walk.
  • After dinner, strength train with light hand weights or an exercise band for 10 minutes.

They provide three 10-minute sessions of stretching, aerobics, and strength training—all essential components of a well-rounded workout. And should you do them on daily basis, they add as much as 210 minutes of activity per week.

Even an unhealthy food regimen will be modified with a number of basic adjustments. One is to divide your plate into three parts:

  • Fill up on lean protein—fish, beans, legumes, tofu, or skinless chicken
  • Fill one other with green vegetables—spinach, broccoli, kale, or Brussels sprouts
  • Fill the third with whole grains — whole wheat bread, brown rice, quinoa, etc.

Another a part of Diet Fix is ​​learning tips on how to hearken to hunger and satiety cues to manage portion sizes. Dr. Hamdi recommends rating your appetite on a five-point scale:

  1. starve to death
  2. I'm feeling hungry.
  3. Well — satisfied
  4. Full
  5. stuffed with

The goal must be to sit down all the way down to eat if you find yourself hungry, and stop eating if you find yourself satisfied.

Diabetes is preventable, nevertheless it takes real commitment to vary. And until more persons are willing to vary their eating and exercise habits — and pass those habits on to their children — obesity and diabetes rates will proceed to rise.